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ABOUT

 Since 2009, the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) has been observing greenhouse gases from space. In this research, JAXA has applied the remote sensing technology with the spectrometer onboard GOSAT to passenger aircrafts operated by ANA. Since October 2020 we have measured horizontal distribution of atmospheric compositions such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) over megacities and plant sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) with much higher spatial resolution from the upper sky. We will estimate local emissions from different source sectors such as power plants, industries and transport by combining the satellite data and results by this study.
 We first acquired data by regular flights between Tokyo Haneda and Fukuoka city. In the future, we will provide emission data over urban areas, where are responsible for more than 70% of global total greenhouse gases emission. We aim to contribute to the Paris Agreement by presenting reduction effects from different source sectors.

Observation Results

Date Flight number Time Departure and Arrival Airplane model Equipments
1st Observation Oct 26, 2020 NH247 09:45-11:45 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅰ-R FiberNO2-L
Oct 27, 2020 NH252 12:30-14:10 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 FiberNO2-L
2nd Observation Nov 19, 2020 NH247 09:45-11:45 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅰ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L
Nov 20, 2020 NH250 11:45-13:25 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B787-8 μNO2-Ⅰ-R FiberNO2-L
3rd Observation Apr 7, 2021 NH249 10:30-12:30 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅰ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L
Apr 8, 2021 NH254 13:20-15:00 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅰ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L
4th Observation Jul 6, 2021 NH571 10:35-12:30 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321neo μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jul 7, 2021 NH572 12:25-15:15 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321neo μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG FiberSIF
5th Observation Sep 21, 2021 NH253 12:35-14:18 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Sep 22, 2021 NH256 14:21-16:02 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B787-8 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberSIF-L
6th Observation Oct 5, 2021 NH253 12:37-14:16 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka A321neo μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Oct 6, 2021 NH251 12:25-14:08 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B787-8 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
7th Observation Oct 26, 2021 NH253 12:34-14:26 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka A321neo μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2 FiberSIF-L
Oct 27, 2021 NH1444 11:06-12:34 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) A321neo μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
8th Observation Nov 16, 2021 NH249 10:40-12:24 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Nov 17, 2021 NH248 11:20-12:32 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
9th Observation Nov 24, 2021 NH249 10:38-12:29 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Nov 25, 2021 NH248 11:13-12:47 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
10th Observation Dec 14, 2021 NH571 10:41-12:29 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) B737-800 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Dec 15, 2021 NH572 13:30-15:37 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) B737-800 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberSIF-L
11th Observation Dec 21, 2021 NH247 09:47-11:48 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Dec 15, 2021 NH572 12:38-14:10 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
12th Observation Apr 06, 2022 NH247 09:45-11:50 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Apr 07, 2022 NH250 11:45-13:25 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
13th Observation Apr 12, 2022 NH247 09:45-11:50 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Apr 13, 2022 NH252 12:25-14:10 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
14th Observation Apr 20, 2022 NH661 08:30-10:25 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Nagasaki A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Apr 20, 2022 NH666 13:35-15:15 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
15th Observation May 17, 2022 NH663 10:55-12:50 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
May 17, 2022 NH666 13:35-15:15 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
16th Observation May 25, 2022 NH247 09:40-11:30 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767-300 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
May 26, 2022 NH252 12:25-14:10 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767-300 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
17th Observation Jun 8, 2021 NH571 10:45-12:35 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Jun 9, 2021 NH572 13:15-15:15 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
18th Observation Jun 22, 2022 NH571 10:45-12:35 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Jun 23, 2022 NH572 13:15-15:15 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
19th Observation Jul 5, 2022 NH571 10:45-12:35 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Jul 6, 2022 NH572 13:15-15:15 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
20th Observation Jul 27, 2022 NH061 11:15-12:25 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Chitose) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Jul 28, 2022 NH056 11:14-12:28 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
21st Observation Aug 24, 2022 NH571 11:09-12:40 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321 NEO FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Aug 25, 2022 NH572 13:26-15:06 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 NEO FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
22nd Observation Oct 05, 2022 NH571 10:55-12:38 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Wakkanai) A321 NEO FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Oct 06, 2022 NH572 13:00-15:05 (JST) Hokkaido(Wakkanai) → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 NEO FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
23rd Observation Oct 13, 2022 NH661 08:37-10:28 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L μNO2-Ⅱ-R
Oct 13, 2022 NH666 11:13-12:57 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L μNO2-Ⅱ-R
24th Observation Nov 22, 2022 NH245 09:00-11:00 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Nov 24, 2022 NH250 11:50-13:25 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
25th Observation Dec 7, 2022 NH663 10:55-13:00 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki A321 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Dec 7, 2022 NH666 13:49-15:20 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
26th Observation Dec 13, 2022 NH245 09:05-11:04 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Dec 14, 2022 NH246 10:38-12:19 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
27th Observation Jan 10, 2023 NH053 08:01-09:33 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Chitose) 777-200 FiberGHG-L
Jan 10, 2023 NH056 10:38-12:14 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 FiberGHG
28th Observation Jan 19, 2023 NH053 08:00-09:30 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) 777-200 FiberGHG-L
Jan 19, 2023 NH056 10:30-12:10 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 FiberGHG-L
29th Observation Jan 20, 2023 NH793 11:25-13:10 (JST) Haneda → Ooita A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-L
Jan 20, 2023 NH796 13:55-15:20 (JST) Ooita → Haneda A321 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-L
30th Observation Mar 7, 2023 NH663 10:54-12:54 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L μNO2-Ⅱ-R
Mar 7, 2023 NH666 13:43-15:20 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L μNO2-Ⅱ-R
31st Observation Mar 29, 2023 NH533 9:42-11:01 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda)  → Takamatsu A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
Mar 30, 2023 NH534 9:26-10:40 (JST) Takamatsu → Tokyo(Haneda) A321 μNO2-Ⅱ-L μNO2-Ⅱ-R
32nd Observation May 16, 2023 NH661 08:31-10:15 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
May 16, 2023 NH664 11:10-12:52 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
33rd Observation May 17, 2023 NH661 08:32-10:19 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
May 17, 2023 NH664 11:07-12:58 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
34th Observation May 30, 2023 NH253 12:38-14:21 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
May 31, 2023 NH1076 9:37-11:10 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
35th Observation Jun 14, 2023 NH661 08:36-10:31 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jun 14, 2023 NH664 11:14-12:52 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
36th Observation Jun 15, 2023 NH661 08:36-10:33 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jun 15, 2023 NH664 11:12-12:46 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
37th Observation Jun 20, 2023 NH055 09:16-10:49 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jun 20, 2023 NH064 13:30-15:03 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
38th Observation Jul 19, 2023 NH055 09:22-10:17 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jul 19, 2023 NH062 12:47-14:13 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
39th Observation Jul 20, 2023 NH661 08:45-10:17 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
Jul 20, 2023 NH664 11:13-12:55 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberGHG-L FiberSIF-L
40th Observation Aug 28, 2023 NH661 09:08-10:30 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
Aug 28, 2023 NH664 11:22-12:52 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
41st Observation Sep 14, 2023 NH055 09:10-10:40 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) 777-200 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-R
Sep 14, 2023 NH058 11:36-13:22 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) 777-200 μNO2-Ⅱ-R FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-R
42nd Observation Sep 28, 2023 NH059 10:03-11:37 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) B777 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Sep 28, 2023 NH066 14:51-16:28 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) B777 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
43rd Observation Sep 29, 2023 NH061 11:02-12:41 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokakido(Chitose) B777 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
Sep 29, 2023 NH066 15:09-16:45 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) B777 FiberNO2-L FiberNO2-R FiberSIF-L FiberSIF-R
44th Observation Oct 13, 2023 NH247 10:02-11:48 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
Oct 13, 2023 NH252 12:35-14:18 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
45th Observation Oct 20, 2023 NH661 08:30-10:45 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
Oct 20, 2023 NH664 11:29-13:12 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
46th Observation Oct 23, 2023 NH661 08:37-10:29 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) →  Nagasaki B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
Oct 23, 2023 NH664 11:11-12:47 (JST) Nagasaki → Tokyo(Haneda) B767 μNO2-Ⅱ-L
47th Observation Jan 18, 2024 NH054 09:30-11:08 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) →  Tokyo(Haneda) B777 FiberGHG-L
Jan 18, 2024 NH063 12:02-13:43 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Chitose) B777 FiberGHG-L
48th Observation Feb 7, 2024 NH055 09:07-10:46 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Hokkaido(Chitose) B777 FiberGHG-L
Feb 7, 2024 NH058 11:46-13:26 (JST) Hokkaido(Chitose) → Tokyo(Haneda) B777 FiberGHG-L
49th Observation Feb 7, 2024 NH241 7:33-9:27 (JST) Tokyo(Haneda) → Fukuoka B777 FiberNO2-L FiberSIF-L
Feb 7, 2024 NH246 10:32-11:59 (JST) Fukuoka → Tokyo(Haneda) B777 FiberNO2-L FiberSIF-L

NEWS


  • ・The 1st Observation(Oct 26-27, 2020) Analysis result was released.
    ・The 2nd Observation(Nov 19-20, 2020) Analysis result was released.


  • ・The article of "JAXA/GOSAT ANA SPACE PROJECT" was published on NHK WORLD-JAPAN.

Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
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