Emergency observation of the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland by AVNIR-2 onboard "Daichi" (ALOS)
The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland has erupted on April 14, 2010, and many volcanic ashes disabled to operate airplanes in the Europe. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has decided to activate an emergency observation of the Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer type 2 (AVNIR-2) onboard the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS, "Daichi") on April 16 and 17 for this area.Fig. 1 shows an image acquired by AVNIR-2 at 13:10 (UTC) on April 17, 2010. It shows the volcanic fumes and their diffusions in gray color and volcanic activity from the eruptive crater. The white areas show clouds, glaciers and snowpack in Fig. 1.
The AVNIR-2 image acquired on April 16, 2010 was largely covered by clouds, and could not be used to identify the surface condition.
The acquired image was provided to disaster management organizations and the International Disaster Charter.